Located at the south of the southern hemisphere, in South America, Argentina is a Country crossed by diversity. From north to south and from east to west, each region is unique and is distinguished by its characteristics. Its vast territory of almost 3.8 million km ² is immersed in latitude that gives the well-defined four seasons: summer from December to March, autumn from March to June, winter from June to September and spring September December. Its neighboring countries are on the north, Paraguay and Bolivia, Brazil’s northeast, west, Andes through Chile and the east, Uruguay, accompanied by 4,725 miles of coastline on the Atlantic Ocean.
The economic and political capital of the country is Buenos Aires. Lying on the Río de la Plata is the gateway for foreign visitors. Ezeiza International Airport, located 22 km. away from the Federal Capital, it receives all external flights and Aeroparque Jorge Newbery, just 2 miles from downtown, connects the city with the rest of the country.
The autonomous city of Buenos Aires and the surrounding cluster known as Greater Buenos Aires, offers all kinds of options for the visitor, cultural tours, culinary tours, itineraries for nature, shopping and sporting events in the hand of football. The star is the tango, traditional dance that is enjoyed in homes and dance tango in the milongas scattered around the city More information at; www.bue.gov.ar
What to see
To order the crucible of Argentinean landscape is relevant to divide the map into eco-regions.
The region known as the Pampa is a vast plain dotted with hills just to the southeast. It if form by the Provinces of Buenos Aires and Santa Fe, which are the ideal setting to experience the Argentinean countryside, farms, roasted gaucho skills and an infinite horizon, always present. Buenos Aires to the coast, the beaches are the choice for the summer, with warm water and many communities with adequate infrastructure to receive visitors. The featured city is the Mar del Plata. The panorama is completed by the Tigre Delta and the rivers and lakes that cross the territory. (www.turismo.gba.gov.ar)
“El Litoral” is made up by Formosa, Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco, Entre Ríos and Santa Fe. This eco-region is crossed by the subtropics, in large part by the selva misionera, where green is the color of all stained and fused with the red fertile land, inhabited by intense flora and fauna.
The Iguassu Falls are the star for tourism. Hundreds of thunderous waterfalls design a unique landscape where water velocity is beyond the look and superb waterfalls where the river course to the Falls (HYPERLINK “http://www.litoralargentina.gov.ar” www.litoralargentina.gov.ar). This is the perfect scenery to get into the ecotourism and approach to Aboriginal communities that populate this stretch of country.
The Esteros del Ibera, located in Corrientes Province, deserve a prominent section. This vast wetland of ‘glittering water’, (the meaning of Ibera in the Guarani language), covers more than 1,000,000 ha of virgin land and ecosystem that is home to dozens of species of flora and fauna. The village Colonia Pellegrini is the gateway to the Esteros and is located 115 km away from Mercedes, the nearest town. The guides in the area offer guided tours and provide various proposals to delve into the marshes.
The Northwest is a magical region. Salta, Jujuy, Tucumán, Santiago del Estero and Catamarca are the cradle of the deep Latin American roots.
More information at; www.norteargentino.gov.ar
The vestiges of the past are displayed in pre-Columbian ruins and indigenous villages. High peaks coexist with salt flats, with plains and hillsides yungas polychromatic lined with cactus.
The cold from the Andes collides with the heat of the Puna, resulting in a wide temperature range, with warm sunny days and cool nights. Calchaqui Valleys, Quebrada de Humahuaca, the Baths of Fiambalá and Rio Hondo are just some of the pearls this exquisite region treasures. The northern food lovers can enjoy the mud furnaces where empanadas, tamales, Andean potatoes and cut-called native-animal meats are quietly browning.
The national wine production has led to a tourist destination with unique characteristics in the provinces of Mendoza, San Juan and La Rioja. Unlike what happens in other countries’ wine, here there is no single path populated wine cellars. Many roads link the oases wine from north to south or vice versa exceeding several kilometers.
More information at; www.cuyoargentina.gov.ar
These Provinces of Cuyo are optimal for growing grapes and olives for its favorable climate, a generous soil and a Mediterranean location, away from Moisture Sea. Being inland fosters a unique wine, unlike the rest of the world. Each enclave wine contains a proposal and a different wine for all the senses and expectations.
On the Andes and the Patagonian coast runs this exquisite region that dazzles at every turn
More information at; www.patagonia.gov.ar
Northern Patagonia is a canvas painted with lakes and forests. Composed by Neuquén, Rio Negro and La Pampa, is a large tourist area that never rests and you can enjoy both summer and winter. San Carlos de Bariloche and San Martin de los Andes are the two most relevant Patagonian cities opened to tourism.
Chubut, Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego, southern Patagonia, put the bun on this piece of the end of the world where glaciers superb live, a hardened climate, desert steppe, friendly whales and large colony of penguins and seals.
The mountainous area, where the heights of the Andes begin to decline, gives a landscape of ancient forests and intrepid rock walls for climbing enthusiasts. Completing this landscape is the famous Perito Moreno and its entourage of white fellows, and the town of El Calafate.
The ocean shore is home to dozens of whales, seals, penguins and dolphins that smug pose for the cameras of visitors. Puerto Madryn, Punta Tombo, Puerto Deseado and San Julián are the highlights for these rides.
Finally, Ushuaia, the southernmost city in the world, threshold before in Antarctica, enshrines the magnificent Argentina.