Following the tracks of the jaguar, the “king” of the Misiones Jungle which locals insist on calling the tiger, it’s not easy. According to studies by researchers from CONICET, the province of Misiones, only has about 50 adult specimens.
The conservation of the forest is a matter of life or death for the jaguars that due to its strong territorial character and large size, need large spots of unspoiled nature to feed and reproduce; fragmentation and deterioration suffered by the ecosystem it inhabits, is one of the main causes that puts this species on the verge of extinction.
As a result of the disappearance of large areas of unspoiled nature, the meeting of this elusive feline in the dense forest is increasingly bizarre, we can say that it is almost impossible today to find these animals and those who have; life has given them a priceless gift.
In Misiones they only find “refuge” in the Iguassu National Park and the Urugua-í Provincial Park in the north, to the valleys of Cuñá Pirú and Yabotí Biosphere Reserve in the center of the province. Thus, the few regions that conserve the forest in good condition become true natural sanctuaries.
The highest Forest stratum, which reaches 30 meters in height, includes adult trees that form an uninterrupted roof of ramifications and dense foliage. This is the stratum that filters and administers the right amount of sunlight to the lower strata.
The smallest trees, between 3 and 10 meters high, make up to the so-called intermediate stratum. This layer is characterized by its discontinuous canopy, presence of young trees that will renew the forest, several fruit trees, bamboos and arborescent ferns.
The lowest stratum, up to 3 meters from the ground, receives little sunlight. Broad-leafed grasses, a large number of smaller ferns, and non-woody plants like begonias are abundant. This vegetal group covers and dresses the forest ground.
The location of Yacutinga Wildlife Reserve belongs to the phytogeographical area of the Parana Forest.
This is one of the most bio-diverse areas in Argentina.
The main characteristics that generate this exuberant Nature are its warm climate, constant humidity, and the lack of dry seasons and of changing climate.
These environmental conditions make the area a sort of giant greenhouse. This is a completely green, stubborn and many a times, impenetrable forest. The forest structure becomes apparent in its different plant strata, which provide more than 320 bird species listed in Yacutinga with shelter, food and reproduction sites.